Germany has the largest population of any country in western Europe and also the largest economy.

Population: 80.3 million

Capital City: Berlin

Largest Cities:

Berlin 3.3 million
Hamburg 1.7 million
Munich 1.2 million
Cologne 1.0 million
Frankfurt am Main 648,000
Essen 588,800
Dortmund 587,600
Stuttgart 581,100
Düsseldorf 568,900
Bremen 527,900
Hanover (Hannover) 516,300
Duisburg 513,400

Time Zone

UTC+1, Central European Time (CET), Mitteleuropäische Zeit (MEZ)

Dialling code: +49

Ethnicity: German 81%, Other Europeans 7%, Turkish 4%, Asian 2%, Black African 1%, Others 5%

Religions: Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 4%, Jewish 0.1%, unaffiliated or other 28%

GDP: $3.4 trillion, 4th in the world

Climate: Temperate; cool, cloudy, wet winters (snow mostly in mountainous areas); mild summers with occasional heat waves; occasional warm mountain winds (Föhn) in Alpine regions

Seacoast: Baltic Sea, North Sea; total coastline 1,484 mi (2,389 km)

Neighboring Countries (9): Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland